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Infant Toddler Development Training
Module 4, Lesson 4



1. Our current understanding of early language and literacy development has provided new ways of helping children learn to talk, read and write. Early literacy does not mean the same thing as early reading for infants and toddlers. Based on this, as well as the module reading you have done on this subject, which of the following statements is correct?
a. Formal instruction to require young children who are not developmentally ready is counter productive and potentially damaging to children.
b. If children are not developmentally ready to read they may begin to associate reading and books with failure.
c. Early literacy theory emphasizes the natural unfolding of skills.
d. All of the above.

2. When reviewing the language development table from Brain Wonders, it is suggested that toddlers and two year olds (ages 18 months to 35 months) may be expected to have a vocabulary of:
a. 50 words
b. 100 words
c. 200 words
d. 350 words

3. As we observe the first stories of babies, toddlers, and young children in different cultural contexts, we increase our understanding of the principles used in training (coaching) caregivers (Jervay-Pendergrass and Brown, 2000). In Shared Stories, the authors explain that training is built around several key principles. These principles include all except
a. the nature of young children's experiences
b. the premise that infants and toddlers should be read to 90 minutes each day
c. how stories are expressed differently across cultures
d. the critical role that adults play as conversational partners in early storytelling.

4. Catherine Burke's article addressed the fact that parents and other family members are often concerned that using an augmentative communication approach will prevent their child from developing speech, feeling that he or she will rely on using signs and/or pictures and will not try to talk. According to Burke, which of the following statements is correct?
a. Children typically become more verbal in response to spoken language paired with signs and communication boards because they understand more about what words mean and how to use them with the people in their lives.
b. Children should not be taught signing prior to one year of age since it is imperative that caregivers wait to see how verbal communication is developing.
c. Children who have anxious personalities and are easily upset should be taught signing as early as 18 months in order that they will have some way of expressing their emotions rather exhibiting 'acting out' behaviors.
d. Children who have bilingual parents have greater difficulty learning sign language.

5. In the PLAI module case study of Michael, his mom used predictable routines so that Michael would:
a. be able to gain more residual sight
b. better understand what she was doing
c. learn higher level thinking skills
d. be able to do all the routines by himself soon


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