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Children's Medical Services - Special services for children with special needs
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Infant Toddler Development Training
Module 6, Lesson 3



1. According to the Blind Babies resource materials, which statement is correct?
a. An optometrist has a medical degree and treats eye diseases in the adult population.
b. The ophthalmologist is the only eye specialist who can perform eye surgery for the treatment of eye diseases.
c. Most states will allow an optometrist to diagnose, prescribe and perform low level surgeries.
d. An optician prescribes and fits glasses and can assist with other low vision aids and patient education.

2. In reading about Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI) in the module's resource materials, what is a characteristic of this condition?
a. poor peripheral vision
b. inconsistent visual behavior/responses
c. accompanying cognitive deficits
d. accompanying color blindness

3. Which of the following would be considered good practice for a child who has Optic Nerve Hypoplasia (ONH)?
a. increase in size, contrast, and lighting of materials.
b. limitation of fine and gross motor activities.
c. comprehensive medical monitoring every 2 years.
d. use of negative reinforcement for feeding refusals.

4. The SHINE program has three philosophies. Which is not a philosophy of SHINE?
a. Parents of children who have just been diagnosed with hearing impairment require emotional support and information about hearing loss within 1-2 weeks of diagnosis. Given that hearing loss is an established condition, there is no justification for delaying support and information to the family until after the multidisciplinary assessment.
b. Parents need to receive unbiased information about features of communication that combine into different communication options so they may select the communication choices that best fits their lifestyle, their goals for the child, and adjust their communication use to match the child's emerging learning style and needs.
c. Based on research, if parents and caregivers are actively involved in appropriate early intervention services, it is possible to maximize developmental skills and to prevent or reduce developmental delays. Only by regular assessment of communication skills can a child's progress be monitored.
d. The SHINE provider should encourage the family to choose a total communication approach because this is what will increase the child's ability to learn language skills more quickly, adapt to the environment and promote inclusion with typically developing children.

5. The SHINE timeline includes
a. referral by an Audiologist to Early Steps within two working days of confirmation of the hearing loss.
b. an initial or first contact visit by the Service Coordinator to explain the communication modes.
c. completion of an interim IFSP within 30 days of a confirmed hearing loss.
d. determination of the communication method for the child by the family for placement on the initial IFSP.


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