Rubella is a contagious disease caused by a virus. Rubella is also called German measles or three-day measles. Rubella affects both children and adults. Humans are the only source of infection, and there is no known animal reservoir.
- Transmission and Symptoms
- Complications and Incidence
- Vaccine and Possible Side-effects
Rubella is caused by a virus in the respiratory secretions of infected persons and spread through coughing or sneezing.
- Mild fever (Less than 101° F)
- Symptoms usually last between 2 to 3 days
- Adults and older children may also develop swollen glands including symptoms like a cold before the rash appears
A pregnant woman who develops Congenital Rubella Syndrome shows the following birth defects:
- Heart defects
- Mental retardation
- Liver and spleen damage
- 4 confirmed cases of Rubella in Florida residents since 2003
- 2 were acquired outside of the US
- 2 were acquired in Florida
The MMR vaccine is the best way to prevent rubella. The vaccine is included in the combination measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) and measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) vaccines. Two (2) doses of MMR vaccine are recommended to prevent the disease.
- Fever (up to 1 person out of 6)
- Mild rash (about 1 person out of 20)
- Swelling of glands in the cheeks or neck (about 1 person out of 75)