Contact the Florida Department of Health
Daily Zika Fever Updates
For more information on Zika virus, Florida residents and visitors can call 855-622-6735.
Zika fever is a mild febrile illness caused by a mosquito-borne virus similar to those that cause dengue and West Nile virus infection. It has been identified in several countries in Central and South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean since 2015. Outbreaks have previously been reported in Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Local transmission has been reported in Puerto Rico, but not elsewhere in the United States. Cases of Zika fever have been reported in travelers returning to the United States.
- Symptoms and Treatment
- Information for Travelers
- Guidance for Health Care Providers
- Resources and References
- Community Stakeholders Meeting
Only about 1 in 5 people infected with Zika virus are symptomatic. Zika fever is a mild illness. Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon. Signs and symptoms of Zika fever may include: acute onset of low-grade fever, rash, joint pain, conjunctivitis (reddening of eye), body aches, headache, eye pain, and vomiting. Treatment is symptomatic since there is no specific treatment against the virus. Illness typically resolves within a week.
The Ministry of Health of Brazil has reported an increase in the numbers of newborns with microcephaly in areas experiencing Zika virus outbreaks. Further studies are being conducted to investigate this concern. There are many causes of microcephaly in babies, including genetic abnormalities, environmental factors, and some infections acquired during pregnancy.
Zika fever is acquired through the bite of an infected mosquito, including the same mosquitoes that can transmit dengue and chikungunya. Perinatal and sexual transmission have also been reported.
Travelers to a tropical or sub-tropical area (Africa, Asia, Caribbean, Mexico, Central and South America), can protect themselves from Zika and other mosquito-borne diseases by following these prevention suggestions:
- Use insect repellant with any of the following active ingredients
- DEET (up to 30%)
- Oil of lemon eucalyptus
- Para-menthane diol
- Always follow product label instructions and make sure repellent is age-appropriate.
- It is safe for pregnant or nursing women to use EPA-approved repellants if applied according to package label instructions.
- Apply repellent on bare skin or clothing, not under clothing.
- Cover skin with long-sleeved shirts and long pants
- Apply a permethrin repellent directly to clothing or purchase pre-treated clothing. Follow the manufacturer’s directions and do not apply directly to the skin.
- Keep mosquitoes out of hotel rooms
- Choose a hotel or lodging with air conditioning or screens on windows and doors.
- Sleep under a mosquito bed net when outside or in a room that is not screened.
For more information on mosquito bite prevention visit: Mosquito-borne Prevention
To see a list of travel health notices issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention please visit: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notice
CDC MMWR-Travel Notice Revision – Updated 03/11/2016
Enhanced Surveillance for ED Visits – Updated 02/08/2016
Information for Obstetricians – Updated 02/09/2016
Information for Clinicians – Updated 02/09/2016
Zika Testing FAQ – Updated 04/26/2016
CDC - Interim Updated Guidance for Pregnant Women – Updated 02/05/2016
CDC Updated Guidance for Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus – Updated 03/25/2016
Laboratory Packaging and Shipping Guidance Document – Updated 04/26/2016
Alachua - 2/18/2016
Brevard - 2/9/2016 and 2/11/2016
Broward - 2/9/2016
Clay - 3/30/2016
Collier - 3/30/2016
Hillsborough - 2/8/2016
Lee - 2/15/2016
Miami-Dade - 2/11/2016
Orange - 2/22/2016
Osceola - 2/11/2016
Palm Beach - 4/14/2016
Polk - 3/16/2016
Santa Rosa - 2/9/2016
Seminole - 3/1/2016
St. Johns - 2/12/2016