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Zika Virus

Contact the Florida Department of Health

Daily Zika Fever Updates

Department of Health Daily Zika Update

For more information on Zika virus, Florida residents and visitors can call 855-622-6735.

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Aedes Aegypti Mosquito

Zika fever is a mild febrile illness caused by a mosquito-borne virus similar to those that cause dengue and West Nile virus infection. It has been identified in several countries in Central and South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean since 2015. Outbreaks have previously been reported in Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Local transmission has been reported in Puerto Rico, but not elsewhere in the United States. Cases of Zika fever have been reported in travelers returning to the United States.

  • Symptoms and Treatment
  • Transmission
  • Information for Travelers
  • Guidance for Health Care Providers
  • Resources and References
  • Community Stakeholders Meeting

Only about 1 in 5 people infected with Zika virus are symptomatic. Zika fever is a mild illness. Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon. Signs and symptoms of Zika fever may include: acute onset of low-grade fever, rash, joint pain, conjunctivitis (reddening of eye), body aches, headache, eye pain, and vomiting. Treatment is symptomatic since there is no specific treatment against the virus. Illness typically resolves within a week.

The Ministry of Health of Brazil has reported an increase in the numbers of newborns with microcephaly in areas experiencing Zika virus outbreaks. Further studies are being conducted to investigate this concern. There are many causes of microcephaly in babies, including genetic abnormalities, environmental factors, and some infections acquired during pregnancy.

Zika fever is acquired through the bite of an infected mosquito, including the same mosquitoes that can transmit dengue and chikungunya. Perinatal and sexual transmission have also been reported.

CDC - Effective condom use to prevent sexual transmission

Mosquito Bite Protection for Overseas Travelers / Spanish

Travelers to a tropical or sub-tropical area (Africa, Asia, Caribbean, Mexico, Central and South America), can protect themselves from Zika and other mosquito-borne diseases by following these prevention suggestions:

  • Use insect repellant with any of the following active ingredients
    • DEET (up to 30%)
    • Picaridin
    • Oil of lemon eucalyptus
    • Para-menthane diol
    • IR3535
    • Always follow product label instructions and make sure repellent is age-appropriate.
    • It is safe for pregnant or nursing women to use EPA-approved repellants if applied according to package label instructions.
    • Apply repellent on bare skin or clothing, not under clothing.
  • Cover skin with long-sleeved shirts and long pants
    • Apply a permethrin repellent directly to clothing or purchase pre-treated clothing. Follow the manufacturer’s directions and do not apply directly to the skin.
  •  Keep mosquitoes out of hotel rooms
    • Choose a hotel or lodging with air conditioning or screens on windows and doors.
    • Sleep under a mosquito bed net when outside or in a room that is not screened.

For more information on mosquito bite prevention visit: Mosquito-borne Prevention

To see a list of travel health notices issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention please visit: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notice

Think Zika / Spanish 

CDC MMWR-Travel Notice Revision – Updated 03/11/2016

Enhanced Surveillance for ED Visits – Updated 02/08/2016

Information for Obstetricians – Updated 05/12/2016

Information for Clinicians – Updated 06/07/2016

Zika Testing FAQ – Updated 04/26/2016

Vector Control Fact Sheet for Vector Control Professionals

CDC - Interim Updated Guidance for Pregnant Women – Updated 02/05/2016

CDC Updated Guidance for Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus – Updated 03/25/2016

CDC - Interim Guidance for Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus

CDC - HAN Zika Virus and Sexual Transmission

CDC - Updated Guidance for Health Care Providers Caring for Women of Reproductive Age with Possible Zika Virus Exposure

Laboratory Packaging and Shipping Guidance Document – Updated 04/26/2016

CDC - Laboratory guidance for handling and transporting Zika virus

CDC - Zika Travel Advisory released January 15, 2016

CDC MMWR - Preventing Transmission in Labor and Delivery Settings

CDC MMWR - Guidelines for Pregnant Women

CDC MMWR - Small case series of pregnant women infected with Zika virus

CDC MMWR - Guidelines for the Evaluation and Testing of Infants

CDC MMWR - Updated Guidance for Infants Potentially Infected with Zika Virus

CDC MMWR - Small case series of sexually transmitted Zika virus cases

CDC - Zika Health Advisory

COCA - Update on Interim Zika Virus Clinical Guidance and Recommendations

COCA - What Clinicians Need to Know

OSHA/NOSH - Interim Guidance for Protecting Workers from Occupational Exposure to Zika Virus / Spanish

Alachua - 2/18/2016

Brevard - 2/9/2016 and 2/11/2016

Broward - 2/9/2016

Clay - 3/30/2016

Collier - 3/30/2016

Hillsborough - 2/8/2016

Lee - 2/15/2016

Miami-Dade - 2/11/2016

Orange - 2/22/2016

Osceola - 2/11/2016

Palm Beach - 4/14/2016

Polk - 3/16/2016

Santa Rosa - 2/9/2016

Seminole - 3/1/2016

St. Johns - 2/12/2016

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