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The Florida Department of Health works to protect, promote & improve the health of all people in Florida through integrated state, county, & community efforts.

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Zika Virus

Zika Hotline

Daily Zika Virus Updates

Department of Health Daily Zika Update

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Zika fever is a mild febrile illness caused by a mosquito-borne virus similar to those that cause dengue and West Nile virus infection. 

Zika virus has been linked to serious birth defects, including microcephaly, when contracted by expectant mothers during pregnancy. Microcephaly is a birth defect where a baby’s head is smaller than expected when compared to babies of the same sex and age. Babies with microcephaly often have smaller brains that might not have developed properly.

Zika virus has been identified in several countries in Central and South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean since 2015. Outbreaks have previously been reported in Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Local transmission has been reported in Puerto Rico and Florida. Cases of Zika fever have been reported in travelers returning to the United States.

Information on Limited Local Transmissions

There are no areas of ongoing, active transmission of Zika by mosquitoes in Florida. All previous Zika zones in the following areas of Miami-Dade County have been lifted after 45 days with no evidence of active transmission and no additional people infected. It is not uncommon, however, for there to be isolated incidents of locally acquired Zika.

The department continues to closely monitor the status of Zika virus in Florida and take action to keep Floridians, especially pregnant women, safe. If the department identifies any areas of concern, the public and the media will be notified.

  • Wynwood (zone lifted Sept. 19, 2016)
  • North Miami Beach (zone lifted Nov. 22, 2016)
  • Little River (zone lifted Dec. 2, 2016)
  • South Miami Beach (zone lifted Dec. 9, 2016)

The department advises residents and visitors to Miami-Dade County to remain vigilant about mosquito bite protection by draining all sources of standing water to keep mosquitoes from breeding and by wearing bug repellent.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has designated Miami-Dade County as a cautionary area. For CDC guidance on traveling to South Florida, especially if you are pregnant, please click here.

Information on the department’s investigation and testing process is available here.

  • 2017 Travel-related Zika cases by county
  • 2017 Cases by Infection Type
  • 2016 Travel-related Zika cases by county
  • 2016 Cases by Infection Type
  • Information on 2016 Investigations
  • Transmission
  • Symptoms and Treatment
  • Guidance for Health Care Providers
  • Information for Travelers
  • Wynwood Timeline
  • South Miami Beach Timeline
  • North Miami Beach Timeline
  • Resources and References

County

Number of Cases (all travel related)

Broward

10

Collier

1

Flagler

1

Hillsborough

3

Miami-Dade

8

Monroe

1

Palm Beach

2

St. Johns

1

Walton

1

Total cases

28

*Note: This includes pregnant women and non-Florida residents who acquired Zika outside of Florida, but were diagnosed in Florida.


Data as of March 29, 2017 at 8:50 a.m. ET

Infection Type

Infection Count

Travel-Related Infections of Zika 2017

28

Locally Acquired Infections of Zika 2017

2

Undetermined 2017

2

Pregnant Women with Lab-Evidence of Zika 2017

16


Data as of March 29, 2017 at 8:50 a.m. ET

County

Number of Cases (all travel related)

Alachua

11

Bay

4

Brevard

16

Broward

179

Charlotte

2

Citrus

2

Clay

6

Collier

27

Duval

11

Escambia

4

Flagler

2

Hernando

4

Highlands

1

Hillsborough

45

Indian River

1

Lake

4

Lee

15

Leon

2

Manatee

5

Marion

4

Martin

5

Miami-Dade

348

Monroe

11

Nassau

1

Okaloosa

4

Okeechobee

1

Orange

165

Osceola

38

Palm Beach

63

Pasco

9

Pinellas

25

Polk

31

Santa Rosa

1

Sarasota

5

Seminole

27

St. Johns

4

St. Lucie

11

Volusia

12

Total cases

1106

*Note: This includes pregnant women and non-Florida residents who acquired Zika outside of Florida, but were diagnosed in Florida.


Data as of March 29, 2017 at 8:50 a.m. ET

Infection Type

Infection Count

Travel-Related Infections of Zika 2016

1,106

Locally Acquired Infections of Zika 2016

285

Undetermined 2016

42

Pregnant Women with Lab-Evidence of Zika 2016

292


Data as of March 29, 2017 at 8:50 a.m. ET

Information on Active Investigations

When a local case of Zika virus is confirmed through laboratory testing, the department conducts a thorough investigation around the case to determine if additional people are infected. The department interviews and tests close contacts and community members around the case. Knowing if additional people are infected helps the department determine if there is a zone where mosquitoes are transmitting the virus. Not every case results in a designation of active transmission in an area. In some instances, a case of Zika is an isolated incident with no additional people infected. For more information on the department’s testing and investigation process, click here

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Number of Closed Investigations in 2016: 51

Miami-Dade County: 43 closed investigations

Palm Beach County: 6 closed investigation

Broward County: 1 closed investigation

Pinellas: 1 closed investigation

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INVESTIGATION ACTIVITIES FOR PREVIOUS AREAS OF ACTIVE TRANSMISSION

Wynwood Zone in Miami-Dade County (Zone lifted Sept. 19, 2016)

Total # of Samples Collected

Positive

Negative

525

33

491

Little River Zone in Miami-Dade County (Zone lifted Dec. 2, 2016)

Total # of Samples Collected

Positive

Negative

118

9

109

North & South Miami Beach Zone in Miami-Dade County (North Miami Beach zone lifted Nov. 22, 2016; South Miami Beach zone lifted Dec. 9, 2016)

Total # of Samples Collected

Positive

Negative

1,067

75

992


Data as of March 29, 2017 at 8:50 a.m. ET

Zika fever is acquired through the bite of an infected mosquito, including the same mosquitoes that can transmit dengue and chikungunya. Perinatal and sexual transmission have also been reported.

CDC - Effective condom use to prevent sexual transmission

Only about 1 in 5 people infected with Zika virus are symptomatic. Zika fever is a mild illness. Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon. Signs and symptoms of Zika fever may include: acute onset of low-grade fever, rash, joint pain, conjunctivitis (reddening of eye), body aches, headache, eye pain, and vomiting. Treatment is symptomatic since there is no specific treatment against the virus. Illness typically resolves within a week.

The Ministry of Health of Brazil has reported an increase in the numbers of newborns with microcephaly in areas experiencing Zika virus outbreaks. Further studies are being conducted to investigate this concern. There are many causes of microcephaly in babies, including genetic abnormalities, environmental factors, and some infections acquired during pregnancy.

Zika OBGYN Webinar - 10/27/2016

CHD Guidance on Testing Pregnant Women for Zika Virus Infection – 09/16/2016

Frequently Asked Questions About Zika Virus – 08/15/2016

Dear Prenatal and Obstetrical Health Care Provider – 08/05/2016

Dear Prenatal Providers – 07/22/2016

HMS Guidance for County Health Departments for Ordering Zika Testing for Pregnant Women – 08/15/2016

Laboratory Packaging and Shipping Guidance Document – Updated 02/28/2017

Zika Questionnaire for Providers – 08/04/2016

Updated Guidance for Zika Virus Testing - Pregnant Women Who Live or Work in the Area of Concern – 08/04/2016

CDC Zika Flyers

Think Zika / Spanish 

Enhanced Surveillance for ED Visits – Updated 02/08/2016

Information for Obstetricians – Updated 10/05/2016

Information for Clinicians – Updated 08/23/2016

Zika Testing FAQ – Updated 02/28/2017

Vector Control Fact Sheet for Vector Control Professionals

CDC MMWR - Interim Guidance for Preconception Counseling and Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus for Persons with Possible Zika Virus Exposure

CDC MMWR-Travel Notice Revision – Updated 03/11/2016

CDC MMWR - Updated Guidance for Pregnant Women – Updated 07/25/2016

CDC MMWR - Suspected Female-to-Male Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus

CDC Updated Guidance for Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus – Updated 07/25/2016

CDC - Updated Guidance for Health Care Providers Caring for Women of Reproductive Age with Possible Zika Virus Exposure

CDC - Laboratory guidance for handling and transporting Zika virus

CDC MMWR - Zika Virus Congenital Infections Hearing Loss Screening Recommendations, August 2016

CDC MMWR - Preventing Transmission in Labor and Delivery Settings

CDC MMWR - Guidelines for Pregnant Women

CDC MMWR - Small case series of pregnant women infected with Zika virus

CDC MMWR - Guidelines for the Evaluation and Testing of Infants

CDC MMWR -  Management of Infants with Possible Congenital Zika Virus Infection -  Updated 08/19/2016

CDC MMWR - Small case series of sexually transmitted Zika virus cases

CDC - Zika Health Advisory

COCA - Update on Interim Zika Virus Clinical Guidance and Recommendations

COCA - What Clinicians Need to Know

OSHA/NOSH - Interim Guidance for Protecting Workers from Occupational Exposure to Zika Virus / Spanish

Mosquito Bite Protection for Overseas Travelers / Spanish

Travelers to a tropical or sub-tropical area (Africa, Asia, Caribbean, Mexico, Central and South America), can protect themselves from Zika and other mosquito-borne diseases by following these prevention suggestions:

  • Use insect repellant with any of the following active ingredients
    • DEET (up to 30%)
    • Picaridin
    • Oil of lemon eucalyptus
    • Para-menthane diol
    • IR3535
    • Always follow product label instructions and make sure repellent is age-appropriate.
    • It is safe for pregnant or nursing women to use EPA-approved repellants if applied according to package label instructions.
    • Apply repellent on bare skin or clothing, not under clothing.
  • Cover skin with long-sleeved shirts and long pants
    • Apply a permethrin repellent directly to clothing or purchase pre-treated clothing. Follow the manufacturer’s directions and do not apply directly to the skin.
  •  Keep mosquitoes out of hotel rooms
    • Choose a hotel or lodging with air conditioning or screens on windows and doors.
    • Sleep under a mosquito bed net when outside or in a room that is not screened.

For more information on mosquito bite prevention visit: Mosquito-borne Prevention

To see a list of travel health notices issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention please visit: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notice

Wynwood Timeline

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South Miami Beach Timeline

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North Miami Beach Timeline

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*Note: This page contains materials in the Portable Document Format (PDF). The free Acrobat Reader may be required to view these files.