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Monkeypox

Florida Health

Disease Control

Monkeypox case data can be found on Florida CHARTS.

 

What is monkeypox?

Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by a virus that occurs mostly in central and western Africa but also occurs in other parts of the world. The monkeypox virus can transmit from animals to humans. These animals include different African rodents and monkeys. Once a person becomes infected with the monkeypox virus, they can pass it to other people. Monkeypox is not a very contagious disease, and the risk for contracting monkeypox is generally low. Recently there has been an increase in human monkeypox infections in different parts of the world, including the US.

 

Symptoms

Monkeypox typically begins with flu-like symptoms (e.g., fever, chills, headache, tiredness, muscle aches) and swelling of the lymph nodes and progresses to a rash on the face and body. Duration of illness is usually 2 to 4 weeks.

 

Transmission

Human-to-human transmission generally requires prolonged, face-to-face contact, direct contact with an active rash, or indirect contact with an active rash through contaminated items, such as contaminated clothing. Therefore, the risk of exposure remains low.

 

Prevention and Treatment

There are vaccines available for monkeypox. Vaccination is recommended:

  • Within 14 days of exposure to a person infected with monkeypox for those with high exposure risk and some intermediate risk exposures.
    • Vaccination should take place as soon as possible (within four days of exposure) to reduce the risk of disease onset.
  • For people with certain job-related risks, such as public health laboratory staff.

 

For health care providers and household contacts of people with monkeypox, preventive vaccines are available through your county health department.

 

Information for Health Care Providers

If health care providers suspect a possible case of monkeypoximmediately contact your county health department or the 24/7 disease reporting hotline at 850-245-4401. Local county health departments can help providers obtain monkeypox virus-specific real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing.

 

Health care providers should remain vigilant of information related to monkeypox:

 

Transmission can occur through:

  • Direct contact with an infected person or animal.
  • Direct contact with infected materials, such as an infected person’s clothing or hospital bedding.
  • Breathing in or other exposure to large respiratory droplets during extended contact (3 hours or more) with an infected person without appropriate respiratory protection, such as a fit-tested, NIOSH-approved N95 respirator.
  • It is not known whether sexual transmission occurs. It can take between 5 and 21 days to show symptoms of monkeypox after infection.