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The Florida Department of Health works to protect, promote, and improve the health of all people in Florida through integrated state, county, and community efforts.

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Stroke Risk Factors and Prevention

Contact the Bureau of Chronic Disease Prevention

Anyone can have a stroke, but certain behaviors, family history, and medical conditions can increase your chances. Some risk factors you cannot change, include age, sex, race or ethnicity, your genetics, and family history. There are other risk factors you can change through modifying your lifestyle and working with your health care team.1

 Risk factors for stroke include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Physical inactivity
  • Diabetes
  • High cholesterol
  • Smoking
  • Heart disease1

Fortunately, you can take steps to lower your risk by:

  • Get your blood lipid level measured.
  • Learn how to take your blood pressure at home. 
  • Blood pressure should be less than 130/90.
  • Eating a healthy diet.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Being physically active and exercising regularly.
  • Not smoking.
  • Limiting alcohol consumption.2

Learn to recognize the warning signs and symptoms of a stroke and call 9-1-1 right away if someone is suspected of having a stroke.



  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2017. Stroke risk. Retrieved December 9, 2019, from:
  2. Preventing Stroke: