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What is Prediabetes?

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Prediabetes means your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes.  Prediabetes is a serious health condition that increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. 

86 million American adults have prediabetes.  Nine out of 10 people with prediabetes don’t know they have it.

If you have prediabetes, you are 5 to15 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than people with normal blood glucose (blood sugar) levels. The vast majority of people with prediabetes do not know they have the condition.  The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 1 of every 3 U.S. adults has prediabetes and half of all Americans aged 65 years and older have prediabetes.

If you have any of the following risk factors, you are more likely to develop prediabetes:

  • 45 years of age or older
  • Overweight
  • Have a parent, sister, or brother with diabetes
  • Family background is African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander
  • Developed diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes), or gave birth to a baby weighing 9 pounds or more
  • Physically active less than 3 times a week

It is important to find out early if you have prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, because early treatment can prevent serious problems that diabetes can cause, such as loss of eyesight or kidney damage.

If you have two or more of the risk factors above, you should consider getting a blood test from a health care provider for prediabetes and diabetes.

If your test results indicate you have prediabetes you should enroll in an evidence-based lifestyle program to lower your chances of getting type 2 diabetes.  Studies show that people with prediabetes can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes by losing 5% to 7% of their weight—that is 10 to 14 pounds for a 200-pound person.  Weight loss should be achieved by making lasting lifestyle changes to improve nutrition and increase physical activity to 150 minutes each week.

Lifestyle change programs offered through the National Diabetes Prevention Program, which is led by CDC, can help participants adopt the healthy habits needed to prevent type 2 diabetes.  Trained lifestyle coaches lead classes to help participants improve their food choices, increase physical activity, and learn coping skills to maintain weight loss and healthy lifestyle changes.

If you have or are at risk for prediabetes, lifestyle changes such as healthy eating, increased physical activity, and losing just 5-7% of body weight, can help you prevent diabetes.  The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) is an evidence-based program that can help you make lifestyle changes and prevent diabetes. Recognized DPPs are listed on the CDC registry.

Diabetes Prevention Program 

Florida Department of Health in Santa Rosa County Achieved Full Recognition
5527 Stewart Street, Milton, FL 32570
(850) 983-5200

Florida Department of Health in Bay County
597 W 11th St., Panama City, FL 32401
(850) 872-4455 Ext: 1460

Florida Department of Health in Alachua County
224 S.E. 24th St., Gainesville, FL 32641
(352) 334-7962

Florida Department of Health in Escambia County
1295 West Fairfield Dr., Pensacola, FL 32501
(850) 595-6500 Ext: 1814

Florida Department of Health in Jackson County
4979 Healthy Way, Marianna, FL 32446
(850) 526-2412 Ext: 282

Florida Department of Health in Lake County
16140 US Hwy. 441, Eustis, FL 32726-6508
(352) 589-6424 Ext: 2242

Florida Department of Health in Seminole County
400 West Airport Blvd., Sanford, FL 32773
(407) 665-3212

Florida Department of Health in Hillsborough County
4704-B Montgomery Ave., Tampa, FL 33616
(813) 307-8071

Florida Department of Health in Walton County
362 State Hwy. 83, Defuniak Springs, FL 32433
(850) 892-8040 Ext. 1152

See a complete list of recognized diabetes prevention programs here.