Disease Reporting and Surveillance
Surveillance, Disease Reporting, and Investigations
Introduction to Surveillance Epidemiology
The Surveillance Epidemiology section works to protect and promote the health of all Floridians from infectious diseases through disease surveillance. This involves the collection and analysis of population level health data; investigation of acute outbreaks; and education and consultation to county, local, and private health agencies on infectious diseases.
The section also provides consultation to county and local health agencies on diseases requiring public health intervention, collaborates with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention by weekly reporting of nationally notifiable diseases, and offers health education opportunities through lectures, trainings, and publications.
Areas of Responsibility
An acute disease is defined as a disease or disorder that lasts a short time, comes on rapidly, and is accompanied by distinct symptoms. Examples of acute diseases are influenza, salmonellosis, and hepatitis A. This is in comparison to chronic diseases with long durations such as cancer, heart disease, or diabetes.
The Surveillance Epidemiology section is responsible for collection and management of cases of acute diseases required to be reported by physicians and laboratories. These diseases have been deemed as having public health importance and may require intervention by the state or local health department.
In additional to the reportable diseases, the Surveillance Epidemiology section monitors several other diseases of public health importance including influenza, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and respiratory syncitial virus. If you are a healthcare professional or laboratory worker and would like to report a case of disease, please visit the Reporting Diseases section for more information. You may also contact your local county health department using the Contact Information page. If you are unable to reach your local county health department, if this is a public health emergency, or if this is outside of regular business hours, please contact the Bureau of Epidemiology 24/7 at (850) 245-4401.