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Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

Florida Health

Disease Control

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. HPV is a common skin virus contracted through direct contact or sexual activity. Approximately 79 million people in the United States are infected with HPV and approximately 14 million will become infected each year. Over 100 HPV types have been found and 40 HPV types can cause cancer in both men and women.

  • HPV Type Classification
  • Transmission and Symptoms
  • Complications and Incidence
  • Vaccination

HPV Type Classification

  • Non-cancerous
  • Cancerous

Non-Cancerous HPV Types Can Cause

  • Respiratory tract disease
  • Abnormal Pap results in women
  • Genital warts

Cancerous or High Risk HPV Type Can Cause

  • Oral cavity and pharyngeal cancers
  • Cervical, vulva and vagina cancer in women
  • Penile cancer in men
  • Anal cancers and genital warts

HPV Transmission

HPV is spread through direct contact with an infected person. Most frequently through sexual contact.

HPV Symptoms

  • Warts in oral, nasal, conjunctival areas
  • Flat warts on the face of children & adults
  • Cutaneous non-genital warts
  • Anal cancers and genital warts
  • Plantar warts on the foot
  • Thread-like (filiform) warts
  • Common skin warts on hands & around nails

HPV Complications

Persistent infection with high-risk types of HPV is associated with development of cervical cancer. Others are vaginal, penile, vulva and anal cancers, and some oropharyngeal cancers.

HPV Incidence

Every year about 17,500 women and 9,300 men are affected by cancers caused by HPV. Approximately 12,000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and 4,000 women die from this disease in the United States.

All boys and girls ages 11 or 12 years should get vaccinated.

Catch-up vaccines are recommended for males through age 21 and for females through age 26, if they did not get vaccinated when they were younger.

The vaccine is also recommended for gay and bisexual through age 26. It is also recommended for men and women with compromised immune systems (including people living with HIV/AIDS) through age 26, if they did not get fully vaccinated when they were younger.

Three (3) HPV vaccines are currently available in the US

  • Gardasil (HPV4)
  • Cervarix (HPV2)
  • Gardasil -9 (HPV9)

Side Effects to HPV Vaccination

  • Irritations in the arm
  • Fever
  • Other minor issues