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Governor Jeb Bush signed The Wekiva Parkway and Protection Act into law on Tuesday, June 29, 2004, at Wekiva Springs State Park, in Apopka. The law authorizes building the Wekiva Parkway and provides protection to the Wekiva River system. The Act requires a comprehensive approach to protecting the Wekiva River system involving local governments, state agencies, and the St. Johns River Management District. The Act requires the Department of Health to address nitrogen reduction through appropriate onsite disposal standards.
The following document is visual in nature and may not be accessible to screen readers. If you need assistance with the information contained in this document, please contact the Onsite Sewage Programs' Tallahassee office.
- Map of the Wekiva Study Area (308 kb pdf)
Map of the boundaries of the Wekiva Study Area and Wekiva River Protection Area
Current StatusDepartment of Health rulemaking for the Wekiva Study Area was put on hold by the Legislature until the conclusion of the Nitrogen Reduction Strategies Study.
Links to Reports and Presentations
- Wekiva Onsite Nitrogen Contribution Study Final Report (296 kb pdf)
Appendix A (20 mb pdf)
Appendix B (430 kb pdf)
Appendix C (614 kb pdf)
Appendix D (485 kb pdf)
- Revised Input and Loading Estimates (876 KB pdf)
- Reports for 2006-2007 Wekiva Onsite Nitrogen Contribution Study - Draft and final reports
- An Assessment of Nitrogen Contribution from Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems (OWTS) in the Wekiva Study Area of Central Florida (595 KB pdf)
DOH Paper for the National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association (NOWRA) Nitrogen Symposium 2008
- Nitrogen Input Assessment for the Wekiva Study Area (133 KB pdf)
Poster presented at the 2008 Water Institute Symposium
- Wekiva Commission Presentation DOH October 2007 (243 KB pdf)
DOH presentation made at the October 2007 meeting
- Nitrogen Impact of Onsite Sewage Treatment and Disposal Systems in the Wekiva Study Area Poster (599 KB pdf)
DOH poster presented at Florida Environmental Health Association's Annual Education Meeting August 2007
- Nitrogen Impacts from Onsite Systems in the Wekiva Study Area presentation (853 KB pdf)
DOH presentation made at Florida Environmental Health Association's Annual Education Meeting August 2007
- Final Report 2010 Wekiva Basin Nitrate Sourcing (1.37 MB pdf)
- Damann Anderson's comments to DEP Phase 1 Report: Wekiva River Basin Nitrate Sourcing Study (77 KB pdf)
Comments on the Department of Environmental Protection's (DEP) Phase 1 Report
- MACTEC Phase I Report Wekiva River Basin Nitrate Sourcing Study (March 2007) (12.8 MB pdf)
Report for the Department of Environmental Protection and St. Johns River Water Management District I.
- Wekiva Commission Presentation DOH June 2007 (42 KB pdf)
DOH presentation made at June 2007 meeting
- Wekiva Commission Presentation DOH January 2007 (73 KB pdf)
DOH presentation made at January 2007 meeting
- A Review of Nitrogen Loading and Treatment Performance Recommendations for Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems (OWTS) in the Wekiva Study Area (414 KB pdf)
Damann Anderson Review February 2006
- Wekiva TRAP Presentation, Damann Anderson, February 15, 2006 (5.1 mb pdf)
A Review of Nitrogen Loading and Treatment Performance Recommendations for Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems (OWTS) in the Wekiva Study Area
- Commission Presentation December 2005 (505 KB pdf)
DOH presentation made at December 2005 meeting
- DOH 2004 Wekiva Study Area Report (580 KB pdf)
DOH final report for 2004 Wekiva tasks
Links to Other Wekiva-Related Sites
- Research Review and Advisory Committee Information
Meeting minutes, presentations, announcement of next meeting
- Department of Environmental Protection's Wekiva Basin Study Site
Information on the Florida Department of Environmental Protection's Wekiva Basin Study
- Wekiva River Basin Commission
Meeting information, agency reports, commission reports
- Department of Health Technical Review and Advisory Panel (TRAP) Information
Meeting minutes, TRAP issues, announcement of next meeting
- Department of Environmental Protection's Springs Protection Site
Florida springs protection information
Please contact the Onsite Sewage Program office with any questions or comments.
Wekiva Task Updates and Reports:
*Note: This page contains materials in the Portable Document Format (PDF). The free Adobe Reader may be required to view these files.
Task 1: Field Work, $200,000, Ellis and Associates, Inc.
There will be detailed field sampling within the Wekiva Study Area (WSA) at a few conventional septic systems. The WSA boundary was defined by incorporating data from various contributing sources to the Wekiva River System. The question that this field work portion of the Wekiva project will address is how much nitrogen is transported to the groundwater by analyzing samples of septic tank effluent, in the saturated zone underneath a drainfield and in shallow groundwater. There is an increased level of uncertainty when measuring away from the source, as the actual source inputs (wastewater, fertilizer, etc.) are variable, but electrical conductivity as tracer and nitrogen isotope tests are expected to help differentiate between organic and inorganic nitrogen. This will aid the researchers in determining the relative inputs from the inorganic forms found in many commercial fertilizers versus the inorganic forms found in wastewater, livestock and pet wastes.
There will be a maximum of three systems assessed. Each site location will be within the boundaries of the WSA and will be chosen based on a comprehensive list of criteria that RRAC developed. The criteria include being able to reach the actual water table with the equipment, choosing a location within each of the three affected counties, having a public water supply, having a minimum lot size to allow for identification of the wastewater plume, etc. Once the field work has been completed, there will be a better understanding of what one septic system in the WSA contributes to the groundwater and whether this contribution is different from literature values.
- Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) (350 kb pdf)
- Status Reports
January 3-19 (178 kb pdf)
February 5-9 (541 kb pdf)
February 12-28 (386 kb pdf)
March 1-30 (406 kb pdf)
April 1-May 2 (411 kb pdf)
- Draft Report and Appendices (188 mb zip)
- Final Report and Appendices (177 mb zip)
Task 2: Categorization and quantification of nitrogen loading, $25,000, Otis Environmental Consultants, LLC
This task will further discuss differences between nitrogen loading by different categories of septic systems (e.g. by applied nitrogen species, infiltrative surface location, drainage class, depth to saturated zone and soil organic content). The next part of this step is to then look at the different potential categories of contribution to come up with an estimate of overall loading.
- Scope of Work (34 kb pdf)
- Technical Memorandums
December 14, 2006 (23 kb pdf)
January 25, 2007 (30 kb pdf)
January 31, 2007 (20 kb pdf)
- Final Report (430 kb pdf)
Task 3: Assessment of the contribution of OWTS relative to other sources, $25,000, Dr. Linda J. Young with the Department of Statistics at the University of Florida
In this task, the estimates from Task 2 will be compared with the amount of loading estimates from other sources (wastewater treatment facilities, residential fertilizers, commercial fertilizers, etc.) to determine what percentage of the nitrogen inputs are from septic systems.
Task 4: Cost-effective solutions, DOH Staff
This task is to recommend a range of cost effective solutions if contributions of nitrogen from onsite systems are found to be significant. RRAC has advised the Department staff to perform preliminary research for this task. Further results from the first three tasks will influence how this task will be completed. The approach will be to obtain cost information from each county, and research various strategies (i.e. recordkeeping, planning, performance, etc.)
Additional research information can be found at the Research Review and Advisory Committee (RRAC) web page.
*Note: All materials are in the Portable Document Format (PDF). You may need to download the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the files. Some of the PDF files are zipped to make them faster to download. You may need WinZip to decompress them prior to reading them.