Medications for asthma are prescribed for two different purposes: to stop an immediate flare-up, and to control inflammation and reduce lung damage over the long-term. Quick relief medications are called bronchodilators and help open the airways when you have an asthma episode. While long-term control medications are usually taken daily to maintain inflammation and prevent flare-ups.
Asthma medicines can be taken in different forms, but most are taken using a device called an inhaler. An inhaler is a hand-held portable device that delivers medication to your lungs. Make sure you are using yours right, so that you get the medicine you need. The best way to use it is with a spacer, a tube that goes between your inhaler and your mouth. It serves as a holding chamber for the medication that is sprayed by the inhaler. The spacer makes it easier and more efficient for the medication to reach the lungs. Watch “Know How to Use Your Asthma Inhaler” by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as well as ask your doctor to show you the right way to use your inhaler.