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It's a New Day in Public Health.

The Florida Department of Health works to protect, promote & improve the health of all people in Florida through integrated state, county, & community efforts.

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Animal Contact and Human Health

Contact the Florida Department of Health

Zoonoses are infectious diseases that can be naturally spread from animals to humans.  A number of zoonotic diseases are present in Florida.

Mosquito-borne and Other Insect-borne Diseases
Rabies Awareness and Prevention
Tick-borne Diseases
Brucella
Rodents
Dog Bite Prevention
Raccoon Roundworm (Baylisascaris)
Related Topics
Resources

Mosquito-borne and Other Insect-borne Diseases

mosquito

To prevent mosquito-borne diseases, the Florida Department of Health recommends practicing, DRAIN and COVER. Stop mosquitoes from living and multiplying around your home or business. Protect yourself from mosquito's bites and the diseases they carry.

Read more about Mosquito-borne and other Insect-borne Diseases

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Rabies Awareness and Prevention

rabid raccoon

Rabies is one of the most feared zoonoses because it nearly always results in fatal, acute encephalitis. This disease is usually transmitted to humans when the virus is introduced into an open wound or abrasion of the skin or mucous membranes following exposure to the saliva of a rabid animal.

Read more about Rabies Awareness and Prevention

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Tick-borne Diseases

tick

Ticks are an important disease vector in the United States. Preventing tick bites is the best way to avoid becoming ill.

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Brucella

feral hog

The most common species of Brucella isolated from Florida patients is B. suis, which is endemic in Florida feral hogs. Brucella melitensis and B. abortus are not found in Florida. However these species may cause infections in Florida residents with travel to developing countries where these species are still endemic in domestic goats, sheep and cattle.

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Rodents

rats

Wild rodents can cause home damage, contaminate food, and cause illness in people and pets. Rodent infestations are more likely to occur when events such as flooding displace them. To avoid rodent infestation remove potential rodent food and water sources, and store food for people and pets in sealed containers. Clear debris and other material that rodents can hide in. Safely clean up rodent droppings, urine and nesting areas, always wearing gloves and spraying material with disinfectant until thoroughly soaked before attempting to remove or clean.

Read more about rodents

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Dog Bite Prevention

hand bitten by dog

Did you know:

  • Each year, over 600 Floridians are hospitalized due to injuries from dog bites?
  • Each year, an average of 2 Floridians die from injuries due to dog bites?
  • Children between 1 and 9 years of age are at the highest risk for dog bites, with boys in this age group at a higher risk than girls?
  • Children under 10 years of age are more likely to be bitten on the head or neck than other age groups?

Read more about Dog Bite Prevention

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Raccoon Roundworm (Baylisascaris)

raccoon

Baylisascaris procyonis

This parasite was considered to be absent or rare in Florida raccoons until 2010 when Baylisascaris eggs were identified in several wild raccoons in Leon County in north Florida.

Baylisascaris and pools

General Baylisascaris Information (PDF)

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