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The Florida Department of Health works to protect, promote & improve the health of all people in Florida through integrated state, county, & community efforts.

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Conditions

Contact the Florida Department of Health

Prenatal and Postnatal Diagnosis Conditions 

Florida cares about its residents with unique abilities and strives to help each one succeed. This site will provide you with stories, information, and resources to help you as you start this journey. Click on the Conditions drop down tabs below to get started.
  • Anencephaly
  • Angelman Syndrome
  • Autism
  • Apraxia of Speech
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Congenital Heart Defects
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Down syndrome
  • Epilepsy
  • Fragile X Syndrome
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Phelan-McDermid Syndrome
  • Prader-Willi Syndrome
  • Smith-Magenis Syndrome
  • Spina Bifida
  • Trisomy 8
  • Trisomy 9
  • Trisomy 13 Patau Syndrome
  • Trisomy 18 Edwards Syndrome
  • Williams Syndrome
Anencephaly Resources

Anencephaly is a serious condition in which a baby is born without parts of the brain and skull.  This happens if the upper part of the neural tube does not close all the way.

Angelman Syndrome Resources

Angelman syndrome is a genetic condition that affects the nervous system.  Angelman syndrome usually isn't detected until developmental delays become noticeable.

Autism Resources

Autism is a condition that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges.  The learning thinking and problem-solving abilities of people with Autism can range from gifted to severely challenged.

Apraxia of Speech Resources

Apraxia of Speech is a speech disorder in which a person has trouble saying what he or she wants to say correctly and consistently.  The severity of Apraxia can range from mild to severe.

Cerebral Palsy Resources

Cerebral palsy is a group of disorders that affect movement and muscle tone or posture.  It’s caused by damage that occurs to the brain as it develops, most often before birth.

Congenital Heart Defects Resources

A Congenital Heart Defect is a common condition present at birth that affects how a baby’s heart is made and works.  It can affect how blood flows through the heart out to the rest of the body.

 

Cystic Fibrosis Resources

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited condition that causes damage to the lungs, difestive system and other organs in the body.  Cystic fibrosis affects the cells that produce mucus, sweat and digestive juices.

Cytomegalovirus Resources

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common virus that infects people of all ages.  Over half of adults by age 40 have been infected with CMV.  When a baby is born with CMV infection it is called congenital CMV.  About one in five babies with congenital CMV infection will have long-term health problems.

Down Syndrome Resources

Down Syndrome is a condition in which a person is born with an extra chromosome. Babies with Down syndrome have an extra copy of chromosome 21. This extra copy changes how the baby’s body and brain develop.  Down syndrome is also referred to as Trisomy 21.

Epilepsy Resources

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations and sometimes loss of awareness.

Fragile X Syndrome Resources

Fragile X syndrome is a genetic condition that causes a range of developmental problems including learning disabilities and cognitive impairment. Affected individuals usually have delayed development of speech and language by age two.  About one-third of individuals with Fragile X syndrome have features of Autism Spectrum disorders that affect communication and social interaction. Seizures occur in about 15 percent of males and about five percent of females with Fragile X syndrome.

Hydrocephalus Resources

Hydrocephalus occurs when extra fluid builds up in or around the brain.  The excess fluid can cause the spaces in the brain, called ventricles, to become too large and the head can swell.

Phelan-McDermid Resources

Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) is a rare genetic condition. PMS is sometimes called 22q13 Deletion Syndrome. The genetic changes that cause PMS vary from person to person and can occur randomly or be inherited from a parent who carries a related genetic change.  People who have PMS often show symptoms in very early childhood, sometimes at birth and within the first six months of life. They often have hypotonia (low or weak muscle tone) and developmental delay.

Prader-Willi Syndrome Resources

Prader-Willi syndrome  is a genetic condition that results in a number of physical, mental and behavioral concerns.  A key feature of Prader-Willi syndrome is a constant sense of hunger that usually begins at about two years of age.

Smith-Magenis Syndrome

Smith-Magenis Syndrome is a complex condition that affects multiple organ systems of the body.

Spina Bifida Resources

Spina Bifida is a condition that affects the spine and is usually apparent at birth.  Spina Bifida can happen anywhere along the spine if the neural tube does not close all the way.  The backbone that protects the spinal cord does not form and close as it should. This often results in damage to the spinal cord and nerves.

 

Trisomy 8 Resources

Trisomy 8 is a condition caused by the presence of a complete extra chromosome 8 in some cells of the body.  Trisomy 8 is a rare condition affecting approximately only one in every 25,000 to 50,000 babies

Trisomy 9 Resources

Trisomy 9 is a chromosomal condition caused by having three copies of chromosome 9.  

Trisomy 13 Resources

Trisomy 13 is a condition in which a baby has an extra chromosome, chromosome 13.  In individuals with Trisomy 13, the range of associated symptoms and findings may depend on the specific location of the duplicated portion of chromosome as well as the percentage of cells containing the duplication.

Trisomy 18 Resources

Trisomy 18 is a condition in which a baby has an extra chromosome, chromosome 18.  In babies with trisomy 18 the extra chromosome can disrupt the typical pattern of development.