Home Management of Sharps
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To minimize risks from improper disposal of home-generated biomedical waste, e.g., needles, syringes with needles, diagnostic lancets, etc., many Florida counties have implemented programs that provide accessible and affordable methods to dispose of this type of waste in a safe manner. These programs provide strategically located sites where residents can drop off a container filled with needles and at many sites receive a new container at minimal or no cost.
If your county health department or local county government does not have this type of program, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has several possible options for safe needle disposal. A United States Post Office list (8kb PDF) also provides approved biomedical waste mail-in services. Needles, syringes with needles, diagnostic lancets, etc., are placed into containers provided by these services and mailed to a facility for treatment.
As a last resort, if the options above are not feasible, the Florida Department of Health and the Florida Department of Environmental Protection recommend individuals follow the guidelines below.
If you use this last-resort option, make sure to check first with your local garbage company and your local landfill to make sure these disposal procedures are allowed in your county. If your county allows this last-resort option, place needles, syringes with needles, lancets, and other sharp objects into a hard-plastic or metal container with a screw-on top or other tightly fitting lid (i.e., an empty liquid-detergent bottle or paint can). Before the container is full all the way to the top, put on the top or lid and tape it on with heavy-duty tape. Put the container in the center of your trash when you throw it out. Do not put needles and other sharp objects in any container you plan to recycle. Do not use clear-plastic or glass containers. Do not throw loose or unprotected needles into your garbage. These guidelines are available in an English (219kb PDF) brochure.
Other Medical Waste Disposal
Put soiled bandages, disposable sheets, medical gloves, and other contaminated non-sharp materials into a black or brown plastic bag. Securely tie or tape up the top of the bag. Place the bag in the center of your garbage when you throw it out.